|Ashlar|| Hewn or sawn stone in blocks, usually with large faces but often quite thin,|
carefully squared and laid in level courses with fine joints.
|Bargate stone||A highly durable form of sandstone.|
|Flint stone||A hard stone that is split down the middle to reveal the dark glossy centre.|
Used mainly to decorate the outside of buildings.
|Heath stone||see Pudding stone, below.|
|Horsham stone||Used as roofing.|
|Pudding stone||A conglomerate rock made up of a mixture of different, irregular sized grains and pebbles |
held together by a finer matrix, usually formed from quartz sand.
|Reigate stone||Used as walling. Soft,medium grained,green/grey,highly calcareous,cretaceous sandstone.|
|Bond||Any system of laying bricks or stone in an interlocking pattern to impart strength and also for decoration.|
|English bond||Bricks laid with alternate courses of broad and narrow faces of bricks|
|Flemish bond||Bricks laid with each course alternately showing of broad and narrow faces of bricks|
|Herringbone bond||Bricks laid diagonally to form a zig-zag pattern|
|Rat-trap bond||As Flemish bond but with bricks on edge.|
|Stretcher bond||Bricks laid with alternate courses of broad and narrow faces of bricks|
|Closer||Brick cut (usually to half width) to finish the bonding pattern at an opening or at the end of a wall.|
|Cornice||A horizontal, projecting, decorative band usually placed at the top of a wall|
or marking off a parapet or gable or, internally, beneath a ceiling.
|Course||A horizontal row of bricks|
|Dentils (see below)||A series of projecting blocks at regular intervals for decorative effect.|
|Galleting||Small pieces of stone, flint, etc. inserted into mortar joints while they are still soft.|
|Hanging tiles||Tiles hung vertically on exterior of building.|
|Header||A brick laid to expose its smallest (end) face|
|Mathematical tiles||Hanging tiles shaped in section to imitate one face of a brick.|
|Modillions||Decorative brackets or rectangular projections under the eaves.|
|Stretcher||A brick laid to expose its long narrow (side) face|
|String course||Decorative course differentiated from the rest of the wall face, usually by projecting slightly.|